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Beauty

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美军方研究”读心术” 有人担心技术用于审讯

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新华网8月18日报道 “读心术”可能不再是魔幻小说中的幻想情节。美国一家高校宣布,美国军方出资数百万美元资助一项“读心术”研究课题。
军方和研究人员希望借助解读受伤战地士兵或中风病人的“心思”,帮助医生实施治疗。但一些人担心,这种技术被用于审问或支配他人想法。
“读心”
加利福尼亚大学欧文分校在官方网站发布消息,由这一高校专家领衔的研究小组获美国陆军400万美元经费,用于探索“读心术”。
美联社16日报道,相关专家打算借助脑电图(EEG)技术,用置于头皮上的电极监测人体脑电活动,确定人脑与计算机连通界面,从而解读患者的“心里话”以及他想对话的对象,有朝一日人们或许不借助于语言便可直接交流思想。
例如,一名受伤士兵内心所想可通过放在他头皮上的电极转换成电波,传送给电脑,由电脑识别系统加以破译,即“读出心思”。
专家希望今后进一步研发“心思认知”软件,使电脑可以直接解读或打印一个人的想法。
课题组组长、加州大学欧文分校认知科学系系主任迈克尔·德茨穆拉说,这种交流系统有望帮助战场上脑部受伤的士兵或瘫痪的中风患者实现与他人交流。
起步
专家强调,“读心术”研究尚且处于初级阶段。
德茨穆拉说:“让人随便想些什么,然后由我们解读他的心思,达到这个程度需要数年时间。”
课题组打算分阶段研发“读心术”系统。
专家最初将要求志愿者戴上电极帽,暗自选择研究人员出示的某个单词,心中默想。研究人员尝试分析大脑活动,“读出”志愿者所想的单词。专家打算随着研究进一步深入,让志愿者扩展思考范围,涉及更复杂内容。
弗吉尼亚州防务技术研究机构“全球安保”主管约翰·派克说,“读心术”研究刚刚起步,现阶段无法实际运用于军事领域。
他说:“它们仍处于理论验证阶段。”
担忧
课题经费来自美国国防部一项针对高校的研究资助项目,实施则由加州大学欧文分校、卡内基—梅隆大学和马里兰大学合作落实。
德茨穆拉说,他们期望研究成果今后可用于军事、医学和商业等多个领域。
但不少人担心,“读心术”研究如果获成功,可能遭不合理应用。
美联社报道,一些人担心这种技术用于审讯。另一些人担心,“读心术”会进一步用于支配人的想法。
研究者否认后一种说法,原因是应用这种技术的前提条件是人脑先产生想法。
德茨穆拉说:“如果没有人真实、主动地合作,就不会使用这种系统。”(王鑫方)

One in a Million

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You’re one in a million, Oh now
You’re one in a million, Oh

Sometimes I can’t hate you every day
Sometimes you can fall for everyone you see
Only one can really make me stay
A sign from the sky
Said to me

You’re one in a million
You’re once in a lifetime
You made me discover one of the stars above us
You’re one in a million
You’re once in a lifetime
You made me discover one of the stars above us

I’ve been looking for that special one
And I’ve been searching for someone to give my love
And when I thought that all the hope was gone
You smile, there you were and I was gone

I always will remember how I felt that day
A feeling indescribable to me, Yeah
I always knew there was an answer for my prayer
And you, you’re the one for me

You’re one in a million
You’re once in a lifetime
You made me discover one of the stars above us
You’re one in a million
You’re once in a lifetime
You made me discover one of the stars above us
You’re one in a million
You’re once in a lifetime
You made me discover one of the stars above us
You’re one in a million
You’re once in a lifetime
You made me discover one of the stars above us
I was cool and everything was possible
You tried to catch me but it wasn’t possible
Nobody could hurt me it was my game
Until I met you baby and went insane
And when you didn’t want me, I wanted you
Because the finer thing bout it was I like to go
I like it when its difficult I like it when it’s hard
You know it’s worth it if ya find your heart

You’re one in a million
You’re once in a lifetime
You made me discover one of the stars above us
You’re one in a million
You’re once in a lifetime
You made me discover one of the stars above us
You’re one in a million
You’re once in a lifetime
You made me discover one of the stars above us
You’re one in a million
You’re once in a lifetime
You made me discover one of the stars above us
You’re one in a million, Oh
You’re one in a million

Collection Art

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Cat Basic Training

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Banish all thoughts of training your cat as you would a dog. Although it’s feasible at the hands of a professional trainer, it isn’t very practical or affordable. You will want your cat to behave well, though, and you should be able to stop him from such undesirable practices as jumping up on the table to join you at mealtimes. Your coexistence will be a lot more pleasant and fun if the cat can be persuaded to come when he is called and to sharpen his claws on a scratching post instead of shredding the furniture.

Training Strategies
Since cats, unlike dogs, rarely do things merely to please their owners, you will need a feline-based system of positive reinforcement and possibly some form of aversion stimulus in order to achieve a change in your cat’s behavior. The best way to encourage a cat to continue a behavior is with an immediate food reward, whether a full meal or a tasty treat. If at the same time you say, “Good!” the cat will come to associate the word with a positive event, even when food isn’t forthcoming. Anything your cat loves will also work — a good scratch behind the ears or a play session with a favorite toy may work as well as a food treat.

Many cat owners try to discourage their cats from undesirable behavior with sprays of water from a plant mister, loud shakers or any startling sound such as a hand clap or a whistle. If your cat is jumping onto the counter and you stop him by spritzing him with water, in actuality you are reinforcing jumping off the counter when the real problem is jumping onto it. While spritzing and other such methods can often discourage unwanted problems temporarily, they may also cause additional problems. Some cats actually like getting sprayed and chased. They think it’s a game. For them, spritzing provides positive reinforcement for the undesirable behavior, which is then likely to increase. Other cats, particularly those that tend to be excitable, are threatened by such methods and become defensive, which can lead to serious aggression problems. Aversion methods that don’t frighten or excite the cat are much safer. Putting sticky two-sided tape on the counter, for example, should provide enough discomfort for most cats to decide that the surface isn’t a fun place to explore. And this method works whether you are there to witness the behavior or not. When you are present and see the unwanted behavior beginning, say, “No!” in a stern tone; your cat may, after a while, obey the vocal command alone. Never hit your cat. Injury can result and physical punishment won’t change his behavior. The cat will simply become afraid of you and the stress may provoke further misbehavior. Reward your cat when he performs a desired behavior in place of the undesired one. Such a payoff will usually clinch the deal.

Some household items may simply be just too tempting for your cat to stay away from. Put up physical barriers to areas and surfaces you want your cat to avoid. For instance, if your cat is always getting into the garbage, you may have to get a container with a heavier or tighter-fitting lid. If he opens and enters cupboards, install childproof latches. After a while, the cat will probably lose interest in these forbidden locations and avoid them of his own accord.

“Come” Command
One of the most basic things you can teach your cat is to respond to his own name. Say his name out loud whenever you greet or pet him, repeating it often as you do things together. To train your cat to come to you when called, start by saying his name as you put down the food bowl. Then, begin calling his name at mealtime before you do anything that makes a noise the cat might associate with food, such as opening the refrigerator, using a can opener, or scooping dry food into his bowl. When the cat appears, reward him immediately.

Wearing a Leash or Harness
With perseverance and patience, you may be able to get your cat to accept wearing a harness, either to go for walks or to run around safely in the yard. Admittedly this undertaking is a lot easier to do if you start while the cat is still a kitten. Approach the wearing of the harness gradually, with food rewards each step along the way. Start by leaving the harness out on the floor so your cat can smell and become acquainted with it. Once the harness is no longer perceived as dangerous or threatening, place it on the cat’s back without fastening it. It may help to distract the cat with a treat until he gets used to the feel of the harness. As the cat begins to accept the apparatus, fasten it for a short period of time, taking it off immediately when the cat seems perturbed. Gradually increase the length of time you leave the harness on and only once the cat seems to have forgotten that it is there, add the leash. Let the cat walk around dragging the leash, making sure it doesn’t get caught on anything. Then, hold the end of the leash so the cat becomes used to feeling pressure on it. The final step is to familiarize your cat with the exciting, and possibly frightening, sights and sounds of the outdoors. Start off in your backyard or in a quiet area close to home, holding the leash tightly in case the cat tries to bolt. Gradually increase the length of these exercises until your cat is comfortable.

Cat Door
Installing a cat door will give your feline access to the outdoors whenever he wishes. But getting your cat to use it may require some encouragement. A cat door may make no sense to your cat at first; having to push open the flap with his head can be off-putting. Hold the door open and tempt the cat through the door by offering a treat on the other side. Once the cat jumps in and out of the opening at will, gradually close the flap, continuing to reward each exit and entrance.

A Wife’s Duty

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A woman accompanied her husband to the doctor’s office. After his checkup , the doctor called the wife into his office alone. He told her, “Your husband is suffering from a very severe disease, combined with horrible stress . If you don’t do the following , your husband will surely die…Each morning, fix him a healthy breakfast. Be pleasant , and make sure he is in a good mood . For lunch make him a nutritious meal. For dinner prepare an especially nice meal for him. Don’t burden him with chores , as he probably had a hard day. Don’t discuss your problems with him, it will only make his stress worse . And most importantly, make love with your husband several times a week and satisfy his every whim . If you can do this for the next 10 months to a year, I think your husband will regain his health completely.”  On the way home, the husband asked his wife. “What did the doctor say?”  She replied, “You’re going to die”!

谷歌官方博客透露明天将推Chrome浏览器

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  北京时间9月2消息,据国外媒体报道,针对谷歌将推“Google Chrome”浏览器挑战微软的报道,谷歌日前在官方博客中给予证实,称周二将在全球100多个国家推出该款产品。

  谷歌强调,Google Chrome尚处在测试版阶段,即将推出的版本也只适于Windows系统,但Mac和Linux版本将随即推出。

??? 消息人士称,谷歌之所以计划推出自己的浏览器,是因为担心微软IE8的新特性可能不利于其搜索业务,其中包括隐私权和更加以微软为中心的搜索栏等特性,前者可能令谷歌无法收集其广告有效性等相关信息。同时谷歌此举将令两者之间战争更加白热化。

  以下为谷歌的官方博客声明

  我们通过漫画形式提前发布了一款开源浏览器Google Chrome,相信大家已经通过博客渠道了解到该消息。周二,我们将在全球100多个国家推出Google Chrome测试版。

  为什么要开发Google Chrome呢?因为我们相信它能给用户带来更多价值,同时有利于推动Web创新。

  在谷歌,大量的工作都是通过浏览器进行的,搜索、聊天、收发邮件和协同开发等。在空闲时间,我们通过浏览器购物,登录网络银行,读新闻,与好友交流等。每天花费在浏览器上的时间如此之多,我们不得不考虑什么样的浏览器最适合当前的Web发展趋势。如今,网页已经从简单的文本页面发展到富媒体页面,这就需要我们重新设计网络浏览器。我们真正需要的不仅仅是一款浏览器,而是一个现代化的网页及应用平台。这就是我们开发Google Chrome的初衷。

  从外观即可看出,Google Chrome的设计简单、高效,是一款真正的Web浏览工具。与谷歌主页一样,Google Chrome的特点是简洁、快速。

  Google Chrome支持多标签浏览,每个标签页面都在独立的“沙箱”内运行,在提高安全性的同时,一个标签页面的崩溃也不会导致其他标签页面被关闭。Google Chrome基于更强大的JavaScript V8引擎,这是当前Web浏览器所无法实现的。

  当然,这只是一个开始,Google Chrome在很多方面还需要进一步完善。此次,我们即将推出的是Windows下的测试版本,供大家讨论,我们也希望能够得到用户的反馈。目前, Mac和Linux版本尚在开发之中,同样将秉承快速、高效的特点。

  Google Chrome是一款开源软件,借鉴了苹果的WebKit、Mozilla的Firefox及其他相关应用。同样,我们也将开放Google Chrome的全部源代码。我们期望与整个开源社区合作,共同推动Web创新。

  在当前Web市场,选择和创新越来越多,我们希望Google Chrome能成为一个新选择,推动Web服务更上一层楼。

美国侨报:福田辞职,中日关系有待减震

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中新网9月2日电 美国《侨报》9月2日发表社论说,福田家族一向对华友好,他上任后即戮力修复曾遭到重创的中日关系,他的卸任必然会是刚刚走出低谷的中日关系的一大损失。而对于新的执政者来说,中日关系虽然是日本对外关系中的最重要环节,但左右日本国内政治方向的仍会是以经济牌为主。换言之,中国必须了解这个庞大经济机器的新任操作者,对中日关系可能出现的波动做好充分准备。

  社论摘录如下:

  东京时间9月1日21时半左右,在紧急召集的记者会上,日本首相福田康夫声明将辞去首相职务,当时现场气氛非常肃穆——日本几大电视台立即停掉日常节目播放了他的辞职决定。因为突然,这一事件立即震动了日本国内社会。

  尽管在眼下,日本经济景气度低迷、国内民意支持度不高,但是福田内阁在过去一年中成功地使中日关系回暖、重建了亚洲各国信任、担当了八国峰会地主。而赢得了外交成功的福田辞职时所说“选择现在辞职,是因为目前是最好时机,不会造成政治空白”的话,不仅令日本政坛感到措手不及,甚至也造成了外界的疑惑:谁将会接手日本指挥棒?日本政治界将会发生何种变化?已经取得的外交积极效果是否会因此消弭……

  中国舆论的关注点则是:福田辞职会对刚刚回暖的中日关系带来何种影响?

  事实上,福田离开首相的位置并不真正地出人意料——在一年前同样是闪电辞职的安倍晋三首相交棒给福田之时,日本国民对后者的期许更多地在于能带领日本走出的经济困局。不幸,这一年世界经济历经重大挫折,石油价格的暴涨、全球股市的暴跌、通货膨胀的冲击、经济走势的放缓、消费信心的丧失,几乎使所有国家无一幸免。这样的外围经济困境若加上日本国内出现的各种问题如中小企业营运困难、遗失养老金纪录、银发族保险政策失利等,则可见到福田重振民生所必须面对的沉重压力。

  令他透不过气来的氛围当然也包括政坛内部。本来无意于政治竞争的福田以温和派形象登台以来,除了对政权虎视眈眈的在野党民主党(在日本国会参议院席位占多数并不断杯葛福田的经济调整和运作方案),联合执政的公民党也一直希望保持距离,而自民党内部也出现了问题——就在1个月前的8月1日,福田正式改组内阁,仅仅保留了四位安倍内阁成员,其余全换了新人。不过,福田从他父亲继承下来的重视亚洲的外交理念(以及已经可以见到的实际效果)却仍然不能让他得到更多的支持。

  提前一年就结束了任期的福田,虽然他在日本政坛告别了元首生涯,但是他的政治生命却会仍然延续。已有华文媒体认为,日本政坛风云变幻,但中日经济的相互依存度越来越大,福田辞职不会影响中日关系,接任者必须顺应和延续这个回暖的潮流。

  现在距离9月12日东京要召开临时国会仅有十天时间。在日本的经济状况和社会形势非常严峻之下,无论谁来协调和解决福田辞职留下的相关政治局面,都将受到世界特别是亚洲各国的高度关注。

  尽管无论国内压力如何,日本必须选择拥抱亚洲,但在本报看来,福田家族一向对华友好,他上任后即戮力修复曾遭到重创的中日关系,他的卸任必然会是刚刚走出低谷的中日关系的一大损失。而对于新的执政者来说,中日关系虽然是日本对外关系中的最重要环节,但左右日本国内政治方向的仍会是以经济牌为主——在日本经济长达十数年的低迷中,频繁更换的元首只能加剧这个第二经济强国的不确定性,从而影响到其亚洲政策、对华关系、联合国“入常案”等。换言之,中国必须了解这个庞大经济机器的新任操作者,对中日关系可能出现的波动做好充分准备。

  同样复杂的是,中国当下也正在面对着“内忧外患”:“内忧”是来自国内经济民生要如何“保增长、压通胀”以及保持社会在稳定中转型的沉重压力,“外患”是在世界经济低迷的氛围中,中国如何重建新的贸易经济和对外关系的平衡。这对于邻邦日本国来说,以挽救经济作为执政目标的新元首将会如何回应,其方向和过程仍有待观察。